About the Data

USDA Census of Agriculture

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). (1997, 2002, 2007, 2012, 2017). National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) Survey Data. Retrieved from quickstats.nass.usda.gov

Ownership Size data-collected at the County level

By Acreage Small: <500 acres
Medium 500-2,000 acres
Large 2,000+ acres
By Count Number of farms

Texas Department of State Health Services

Texas Department of State Health Services. (1997, 2002, 2007, 2012, 2017). Census Population and Intercensal Estimates Data. Retrieved from: www.dshs.state.tx.us/chs/popdat

Population Data-collected at the County level

Population values—population values are from the census for census years (every 10 years) and estimated for years between census years

Regions of Interest

  • I-35 Corridor: counties surrounding Interstate 35 from San Antonio to Austin
  • Coastal: all counties with Gulf of Mexico coastline
  • Hill Country: counties designated as part of the hill country by Hill Country Alliance
  • DFW Metroplex: Tarrant/Dallas counties and adjacent counties
  • Greater Houston: Harris county and adjacent counties
  • Rio Grande Valley: Hidalgo and Cameron County

Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts. (1997, 2002, 2007, 2012, 2017). Property Tax/Value Data. Location: Property Tax Assistance Division.

Working Lands Data-collected at the ISD (independent school district) level

Comptroller Categories Our Categories*  
Native Rangeland
Non-native Pasture
Grazing Lands Working Lands
Irrigated Cropland
Dry Cropland
Timber '78
Timber in Transition
Restricted Timber
Wildlife Management Wildlife Management
Orchards Other Other

* Comptroller categories were grouped to reduce fluctuation between comptroller-defined classifications

Market and Productivity Value Data-collected at the ISD (independent school district) level
Market value-the value of the land
Production value-the value of the agricultural commodities produced by the land


  1. Comptroller data were statistically adjusted to remove outliers.
  2. Values for ISDs that no longer exist due to a consolidation were retroactively assigned to the new ISD.
  3. County level land use and land value metrics are made up of an aggregation of all independent school districts whose center points fall within the selected county boundary. Because of this, it is likely that total land use area will exceed the actual are of the county itself.